Static Elimination / Discharging or Neutralisation

What is static ?

opposite charges attract like charges repel

Static is a stationary electric charge, which forms on the surface of non-conductors (insulators) and un-grounded or isolated conductors. Friction, pressure and separation are the main reasons for creation of static.

If two materials come in contact with each other and then separated, electrons may be transferred from one to the other. A change in temperature also creates charge. Static electricity is thus the imbalance of positive and negative charges.

When a moving web comes in contact with a rubber, steel or aluminium roller and separates from it, static electricity gets created on both web and the roller. Bare films, paper and rubber rollers being non-conductive, there is no free flow of electrons. Thus the static charge on films and paper dissipate very slowly. Metal rollers and foils being conductive allow free flow of electrons to ground, since they are invariably earthed. Conductors will develop a static charge if they are insulated from ground.

The magnitude of the static charge will depend on the material, applied forces, separation rate, temperature and relative humidity

Triboelectric series

When different materials rub each other, which becomes positively charged and which becomes negative depends on their ability to hold or give up electrons. This ranking is called the tribo-electric series

A list of some common materials is shown below. Under ideal conditions, if two materials are rubbed together, the one higher on the list should give up electrons and become positively charged.

  1. Human Hand
  2. Asbestos
  3. Acetate
  4. Glass
  5. Mica
  6. Human Hair
  7. Nylon
  8. Wool
  9. Lead
  10. Silk
  11. Aluminium
  12. Paper
  13. Cotton
  14. Steel
  15. Hard Rubber, Nickel, Copper
  1. Silver
  2. Brass, SS
  3. Acetate, Rayon
  4. Polyester
  5. Celluloid
  6. Styrene
  7. Acrylic
  8. Polyurethane
  9. Polyethylene
  10. Polypropylene
  11. Polyvinylchloride
  12. Silicon
  13. Teflon
  14. Silicone Rubber

Problems created by static electricity

Static electricity can create unwanted problems. In most industrial situations, static reduces productivity by reducing throughputs and creating quality problems.

Commonly encountered problems due to static are :

Static discharge solutions

Valence helps you identify the source and magnitude of your static problem. We have a complete range of products. Passive & active static eliminators and ionising blowers are available from Valence. We provide economical solutions through quality products, backed by sound application engineering and post-sale-service-support. We help locate these equipments in the appropriate place, thereby minimising problems created by static.

AC static eliminators: Valence active static eliminating bars are of shockless type. Touching the electrodes will not give any shock. Powered by a high voltage source, the active bar provides very effective static elimination on moving webs and sheets. Single row bar is suited for most general purpose applications and the more powerful dual row bar is an ideal solution for more difficult and high speed applications.

DC static eliminators: For more effective static elimination at speeds as high as 900 mpm, the Valence DC static eliminating bar is a better option. These too are shockless and sparkless and can be positioned 150 mm away from the target where static needs to be eliminated.

Ionising blowers: A high volume curtain or stream of ionised air is produced. This is done by blowing air through ionising electrodes positioned at the exit of the air flow. The resulting ion cloud can travel a distance of one meter under ideal conditions. The Valence ionising blower can be used in a variety of industrial applications.

Passive static discharge brushes: The Valence passive static discharge brush is kept close to the moving web. The charged web is thereafter virtually static free. These brushes can be used in potentially explosive environments. They do not require power supply